Govt extends deadline for GST sales return for March until Apr 23

The government has extended the last date for filing summary sales return, GSTR-3B, for March month by three days until April 23. 

“Due date for filing GSTR-3B for the tax period March 2019 has been extended to April 23, 2019,” a ticker on GST portal ‘gst.gov.in’ said. 

The last date for filing summary sales return and payment of taxes for March is April 20, 2019. 

AMRG & Associates Partner Rajat Mohan said, “Glitches in GSTN is leading to frequent extensions in the filing of tax returns. Tax filers also need to improve the habit of filing at the last date, leading to burden on the servers resulting in the collapse of the same.”

Half-baked scheme: how high refill cost is pushing Ujjwala beneficiaries back to chulhas

The government claims that the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana is a success. But the ground reality is different. Most households don’t refill their LPG cylinders owing to high costs, and instead switch back to cow-dung cakes and firewood for cooking.

How To Update The Address Given On Your PAN (Permanent Account Number) Card

Do you need to change the address given on your PAN card? Subscribers can submit a request for any change in the communication address fed into the PAN (Permanent Account Number) database online. This can be done through an online facility provided by NSDL (National Securities Depository Limited) on its e-governance website, tin.nsdl.com. PAN is a 10-character alphanumeric number issued to income tax assessees, and is used by the taxman to identify them. Tax Information Network (TIN) offers the facility of processing any changes in a communication address associated with a PAN card. Tax Information Network is an Income Tax Department initiative aimed at modernization of the current system for collection, processing, monitoring and accounting of direct taxes using information technology.

Here are 5 things to know if you want to update communication address in your PAN card:

1. For any update in existing PAN details, applicant is required to fill the form ‘Request for New PAN card or/and Changes or Correction in PAN Data Form’, according to NSDL’s website. Applicant must fill all the columns of the form and should tick the box on the left margin of address for communication. In case of online application, this box is ticked by default.

2. Applicant is required to indicate whether this is his residence or office address. It is mandatory for all applicants other than individuals and HUF (Hindu Undivided Family) to mention office address as address for communication, according to NSDL.

3. If the applicant wants to update any other address, he has to fill the details of the same in an additional sheet which is to be attached with the form.

4. It is mandatory for the applicant to provide proof of communication address. If change in any other address is sought, the applicant has to provide proof of the same, according to NSDL.

5. Form along with supporting documents can be submitted to any of the NSDL TIN-facilitation centre or PAN centre. For online applications, duly signed and photo affixed acknowledgement receipt along-with supporting documents can be sent to following address: Income Tax PAN services unit (Managed by NSDL e-Governance Infrastructure Limited), 5th Floor, Mantri Sterling, Plot No. 341, Survey No. 997/8, Model Colony, Near Deep Bungalow Chowk, Pune – 411 016.



BTC Full Form in Hindi (बी.टी.सी क्या है)

आप में से कई लोग ऐसे होंगे जो एक टीचर बनना चाहते होंगे। एक टीचर बनने के लिए काफी मेहनत करनी पड़ती है और तब जाकर हमारी गवर्नमेंट नौकरी लगती है और एक अच्छे प्राइवेट स्कूल में नौकरी पाने के लिए भी आपके पास सर्टिफिकेट और नॉलेज होनी चाहिए तभी आपको अच्छी सैलरी दी जाती है। आप इस तरह की नॉलेज पाने के लिए कई तरह के कोर्स कर सकते हैं जिनमें से एक बीटीसी भी है। BTC अन्य टीचिंग कोर्स के मुकाबले काफी सरल है क्योंकि इसमें आपको छोटे बच्चों को पढ़ाने की ट्रेनिंग दी जाती है। आज इस पोस्ट में हम इसी कोर्स के बारे में बात करेंगे और जानेंगे कि BTC क्या है, BTC की फुल फॉर्म क्या है (BTC Full Form in Hindi) आदि। तो चलिए शुरू करते हैं. 

Full Form of BTC in Hindi (बीटीसी की फुल फॉर्म क्या है)

अधिकतर लोग BTC की फुल फॉर्म ‘Basic Teacher Course’ समझते हैं लेकिन यह पूरी तरह से गलत है क्योंकि बीटीसी की फुल फॉर्म ‘Basic Teaching Course’ होती है। अगर इस का हिंदी मतलब देखा जाए तो वह ‘साधारण शिक्षण कोर्स’ होता है। यानी किसके नाम से ही पता चलता है कि यह एक प्रकार का शिक्षण कोर्स है जिसमें आपको लोगों को शिक्षा देने की ट्रेनिंग दी जाती है। आइए आप जानते हैं कि आखिर इसमें होता क्या है?

What is BTC in Hindi (बीटीसी कोर्स क्या है)

बीटीसी सरकार की तरफ से चलाया गया एक कोर्स है जिसको करने के बाद हम एक टीचर बन सकते हैं। इस कोर्स को करने के बाद आप एक प्राइमरी स्कूल टीचर बन सकते हैं। प्राइमरी स्कूल में आपको छोटे-छोटे बच्चों को पढ़ाना होता है और इस कोर्स में आपको उसी की ट्रेनिंग दी जाती है कि छोटे बच्चों को कैसे पढ़ाएं जिससे कि वह पढ़ने में इंटरेस्ट है और इसे बोझ ना समझे। इस कोर्स में आपको प्राइमरी स्कूल के बच्चों को पढ़ाने की ट्रेनिंग दी जाती है।

करीब 2 वर्ष तक चलने वाले यह कोर्स उन लोगों के लिए सबसे बेहतरीन रहता है जो की टीचर की जॉब करना चाहते हैं लेकिन इसके लिए अधिक मेहनत नहीं करना चाहते। यानी कि अगर आप एक हाई लेवल की क्लास को पढ़ाने की मेहनत नहीं कर सकते तो आप इस कोर्स को करके प्राइमरी स्कूल में टीचर बन सकते हो।इस कोर्स को करने के बाद आपको जो डिग्री में लिखी उसकी मदद से आप गवर्नमेंट टीचर की जॉब के लिए तो अप्लाई कर ही सकते हो और उसके अलावा किसी प्राइवेट स्कूल में तो आसानी से नौकरी ले सकते हो। जो अच्छे लेवल के प्राइवेट स्कूल होते हैं वह बच्चों को पढ़ाने के लिए कोई डिग्री मानते हैं और अगर आपके पास BTC की डिग्री होती है तो आप आसानी से अच्छी सैलरी प्राप्त कर सकते हो।इस कोर्स को करने के बाद आपको जो डिग्री मिलती है उसके जरिए आप आसानी से प्राइवेट स्कूल में जॉब ले सकते हो। इस कोर्स को लड़कों से ज्यादा लड़कियां करने लगी है क्योंकि प्राइमरी स्कूल के बच्चों को पढ़ाना कोई बड़ी बात नहीं होती लेकिन को संभालना थोड़ा सा डिफिकल्ट होता है लेकिन इसके लिए अगर अच्छी सैलरी मिले तो शायद वह डिफिकल्ट नहीं लगेगा।

BTC Course करने के लिए कुछ Requirements

अगर आप अपना मन इस कोर्स को करने के लिए बना चुके हैं तो इसके लिए कुछ साधारण सी रिक्वायरमेंट है, जो मैं आपको बता रहा हु।1) उम्र : इस कोर्स को करने के लिए आप की उम्र कम से कम 21 वर्ष की होनी चाहिए। 21 वर्ष से कम के छात्र इस कोर्स को नहीं कर सकते।2) इस कोर्स को करने के लिए आप कम से कम 12वीं पास होने चाहिए।3) यह कोर्स 2 साल का होता है। अगर आपको उसको सही तरीके से करोगे तो जॉब लगने में आसानी होगी इसलिए प्रजेंट रहना सही रहेगा।So Guys, आज के इस पोस्ट में हमने BTC के कोर्स के बारे में जाना और BTC Full Form in Hindi के बारे में भी पता किया। अगर यह पोस्ट पसंद आया तो इसे सोशल मीडिया पर शेयर करना ना भूले।

Supreme Court Notice To Centre, WhatsApp Against Payments Service

New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Monday issued notice to the centre and messaging service provider WhatsApp after a plea sought direction to restrain the app from proceeding with its payments systems unless it fully complies with RBI”s provisions.

A bench of Justice Rohinton Fali Nariman and Justice Indu Malhotra sought response from WhatsApp, Law and Justice Ministry, Finance Ministry and Information Technology Ministry within four weeks.

Advocate Virag Gupta, appearing for the petitioner Centre for Accountability and Systemic Change, contended that the messaging platform does not comply with provision of mandating a Grievance Officer and other laws of India including Know Your Customer (KYC) norms laid down by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

The plea said that while companies like Facebook and Google have appointed Grievance Officers for users in India, WhatsApp had not.

In order to make WhatsApp accountable, it must be directed to comply with Indian laws and appoint a Grievance Officer who shall address grievances of the consumers as well as co-ordinate with investigating agencies, it added.

WhatsApp is a foreign company with no office or servers in India and to run payments service here it is obligated to have its office and payments in India, said the plea.

The advocate said WhatsApp was being allowed to continue with its payments and other services without any checks.

WhatsApp has over 200 million users in India and almost one million people are “testing” WhatsApp’s payments service in India, which is the largest base for the Facebook-owned company that has over 1.5 billion users globally, according to the petition.

Every user has a number on WhatsApp but the messaging platform does not have a number through which the users can contact the company for grievance redressal, it added.


The 50 Most Widely Spoken Languages

Rank, Countries2 Population3
language (in millions)
 1. Chinese, Mandarin Brunei, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Philippines, Singapore, S. Africa, Taiwan, Thailand 1120
 2. English Australia, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, The Gambia, Ghana, Guyana, India, Ireland, Israel, Lesotho, Liberia, Malaysia, Micronesia, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, S. Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Tonga, U.K., U.S., Vanuatu, Zimbabwe, many Caribbean states, Zambia. 480
 3. Spanish Algeria, Andorra, Argentina, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Rep., Ecuador, El Salvador, Eq. Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Spain, Togo, Tunisia, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela. 332
 4. Arabic Egypt, Sudan, ALgeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Lybia, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Jordan, Yemen, UAE, Oman, Iraq, Lebanon 235
 5. Bengali Bangladesh, India, Singapore 189
 6. Hindi India, Nepal, Singapore, S. Africa, Uganda 182
 7. Russian Belarus, China, Estonia, Georgia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia, Russia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, U.S., Uzbekistan 180
 8. Portuguese Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, France, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, São Tomé and Príncipe, Macau 170
 9. Japanese Japan, Singapore, Taiwan 125
 10. German Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Czech Rep., Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Paraguay, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Switzerland 98
11. Chinese, Wu China 77.2
12. Javanese Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore 75.5
13. Korean China, Japan, N. Korea, S. Korea, Singapore, Thailand 75
14. French Algeria, Andorra, Belgium, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, France, Gabon, Guinea, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Laos, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Monaco, Morocco, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia, Vanuatu, Vietnam 72
15. Turkish Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Turkey, Uzbekistan 69
16. Vietnamese China, Vietnam 67.7
17. Telugu India, Singapore 66.4
18. Chinese, Yue(Cantonese) Brunei, China, Costa Rica, Indonesia, Malaysia, Panama, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam 66
19. Marathi India 64.8
20. Tamil India, Malaysia, Mauritius, Singapore, S. Africa, Sri Lanka 63.1
21. Italian Croatia, Eritrea, France, Italy, San Marino, Slovenia, Switzerland 59
22. Urdu Afghanistan, India, Mauritius, Pakistan, S. Africa, Thailand 58
23. Chinese, Min Nan Brunei, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand 49
24. Chinese, Jinyu China 45
25. Gujarati India, Kenya, Pakistan, Singapore, S. Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe 44
26. Polish Czech Rep., Germany, Israel, Poland, Romania, Slovakia 44
27. Ukrainian Poland, Slovakia, Ukraine 41
28. Persian Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Oman, Qatar, Tajikistan, U A Emirates 37.3
29. Chinese, Xiang China 36
30. Malayalam India, Singapore 34
31. Chinese, Hakka Brunei, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Panama, Singapore, Suriname, Taiwan, Thailand 34
32. Kannada India 33.7
33. Oriya India 31
34. Panjabi, Western India, Pakistan 30
35. Sunda Indonesia 27
35. Panjabi, Eastern India, Kenya, Singapore 26
36. Romanian Hungary, Israel, Moldova, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Ukraine 26
37. Bhojpuri India, Mauritius, Nepal 25
38. Azerbaijani, South Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey 24.4
40. Maithili India, Nepal 24.3
41. Hausa Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo 24.2
43. Burmese Bangladesh, Myanmar 22
44. Serbo-Croatian4 Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia 21
45. Chinese, Gan China 20.6
46. Awadhi India, Nepal 20.5
47. Thai Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia 20
48. Dutch Belgium, France, Netherlands, Suriname 20
49. Yoruba Benin, Nigeria 20
50. Sindhi Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Singapore 19.7
1. Many of the languages listed are technically dialects, not separate languages. They are listed separately because they differ from each other enough to be mutually unintelligible.
2. The countries listed under Spanish, English, Portuguese, French, and Serbo-Croatian do not include those in which less than 1% of the population speaks the language as a first language.
3. The population figures refer to first language speakers in all countries and are general estimates.
4. Serbo-Croatian is now known variously as Serbian, Croatian, or Bosnian, depending on the speaker’s ethnic or political affiliation.

































































What are the Most Spoken Languages in the World?

With that being said, it’s possible to come up with some rough rankings. Here’s the best estimate, at the time of writing, as to the most-spoken languages in the world – going by total number of speakers, not just natives.

The Top 10 Most Spoken Languages in the World

1. Mandarin Chinese (1.1 billion speakers)

Number of native speakers: 897 million
Number of non-native speakers: 193 million
Total speakers: 1.09 billion
Name in the language itself: 普通话 (Putonghua)
Language family: Sino-Tibetan
Related to: Cantonese, Tibetan, Burmese

People sometimes speak of “Chinese” as if it’s a single language. It’s actually a group of related languages, of which Mandarin Chinese is by far the biggest. It’s an official language in the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and Singapore.

The native name for Mandarin, Putonghua, literally means “common speech”, although in Taiwan people call it Guoyu – “national language”. Historically, it was also called Guanhua – “the speech of officials”. Since Mandarin is more common in northern China, it’s  sometimes referred to as beifanghua (北方话) – “Northern Dialects”.

Mandarin is written using Chinese characters (sometimes called “Han characters”), an ancient pictorial system where each symbol represents a different word. There are two main versions – “traditional” characters, used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau, and “simplified” characters, used in China, Singapore, and Malaysia. It’s estimated that you need to learn 2,000-3,000 characters to read a newspaper – an educated Chinese person will know about 8,000!

2. English (983 million speakers)

Number of native speakers: 371 million
Number of non-native speakers: 611 million
Total number of speakers: 983 million
Language-family: Germanic, a sub-family of Indo-European.
Related to: German, Dutch, Frisian
Name in the language itself: English. But you already knew that.

Thanks to the historical dominance of the British Empire – and, more recently, the economic and cultural clout of the United States – English is well-established as the world’s lingua franca (if only there were other contenders for an international language), and is the second most spoken language in the world.

The name “English” comes from the “Angles”, a Germanic people who settled in Britain in the first millennium A.D.. They ultimately derived their name from Anglen, a region in northern Germany, and of course they gave their name to the area now known as England.

At its core, English is a Germanic language. Its vocabulary and sentence structure are closest to modern languages like German and Dutch. However, it’s been heavily influenced by other languages throughout its strange history. Much English vocabulary is Latin in origin, having been introduced by the French-speaking Normans who conquered Britain in the 11th century A.D.

3. Hindustani (544 million speakers)

Number of native speakers: 329 million
Number of non-natives: 215 million
Total number of speakers: 544 million
Language family: Indo-Aryan, a sub-family of Indo-European.
Related to: Bengali, Punjabi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Nepali
Name in the language itself: हिन्दुस्तानी or ہندوستانی

Hindustani is the collective name for Hindi and Urdu – two dialects of the same language. The name comes from Hindustan, a historical term for the north/north-western part of the Indian subcontinent.

Hindi is spoken across northern and central India, and is the official language of the Indian government. Urdu is primarily spoken in Pakistan. While Hindi and Urdu have differences in vocabulary and pronunciation, speakers of either language can easily communicate with each other.

A notable difference between Hindi and Urdu is that they use different writing systems. Hindi is usually written in in Devanagari script – called “देवनागरी” in the script itself. Urdu, on the other hand, is written right-to-left with a script that’s closely related to the Arabic alphabet. The name “Urdu” itself is written “اُردُو”.

4. Spanish (527 million speakers)

Number of native speakers: 436 million
Number of non-native speakers: 91 million
Total number of speakers: 527 million
Language family: Romance, a sub-family of Indo-European.
Related to: French, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
Name in the language itself: español or castellano

¡Sí señor! By number of native speakers, Spanish is the second biggest language in the world (behind only Mandarin). By total speakers, it’s at number four.

The language now known as Spanish originated in the Castile region of Spain. For this reason, it’s sometimes referred to as “Castilian” – castellano in the language itself. Since then, Spanish explorers and conquistadores have spread their language all around the world. It’s spoken all across South and Central America and the Caribbean, with pockets of speakers in Southeast Asia and even Africa.

(Trivia tidbit: Equatorial Guinea is the only country in Africa to have Spanish as an official language.)

Spanish is also the second most-common language in the United States, which is home to a whopping 40 million native speakers. This makes the U.S. the second-biggest Spanish-speaking country in the world, behind only Mexico – and it’s predicted that, within our lifetimes, it’ll overtake Mexico and become the largest.

5. Arabic (422 million speakers)

Number of native speakers: 290 million
Number of non-natives: 132 million
Total number of speakers: 422 million
Language family: Semitic, a sub-family of Afro-Asiatic.
Related to: Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic.
Name in the language itself: العَرَبِيَّة‎‎ (al-ʻarabiyyah)

Arabic is the official language of 26 countries, although some have argued that it’s not really one language, but several.

If we leave this aside and assume that there’s a single tongue called “Arabic”, then it’s a massive language, with over 400 million speakers. It originated on the Arabian peninsula, and has since spread all across the Middle East and North Africa.

Arabic is also, of course, the language of Islam. While most Muslims are not native Arabic speakers, the language is of special importance to the world’s second-largest religion. Islam holds that God (via the angel Gabriel) literally spoke in Arabic when he dictated the Quran to Mohammed.

That was 1400 years ago, and modern Arabic dialects have changed a lot since the “Classical Arabic” of the Quran. As well as their local dialects, many Arabs also speak “Modern Standard Arabic”, an academic dialect that’s based on Classical Arabic.

6. Malay (281 million speakers)

Number of native speakers: 77 million
Number of non-natives: 204 million
Total number of speakers: 281 million
Language family: Austronesian
Related to: Javanese, Tagalog
Name in the language itself: bahasa melayu

Malay is an official language in Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia. You can also hear it being spoken in parts of Thailand and the Philippines. It’s by far the largest of the Austronesian languages – a family that’s thought to have originated in Taiwan.

The area in which Malay is spoken is extremely linguistically diverse. Indonesia alone is home to more than 700 living languages! Bahasa melayu, as it’s known, has a long history in the region as a lingua franca, the language of government and trade.

Except Indonesians don’t call it bahasa melayu (Malay), they call it bahasa indonesia(Indonesian). Malaysians call it bahasa malyasia (Malaysian). These dialects are mutually intelligible, and shouldn’t be considered separate languages.

Just whatever you do, don’t call it “Bahasa”! For some reason, foreigners often call it this, but the word bahasa simply means “language”. Malay isn’t called “Bahasa” any more than Spanish is called “Idioma”. You have been warned.

7. Russian (267 million speakers)

Number of native speakers: 153 million
Number of non-natives: 113 million
Total number of speakers: 267 million
Language family: East Slavic, a sub-family of Indo-European
Related to: Ukrainian, Belarusian
Name in the language itself: ру́сский язы́к, (rússkiy yazýk)

The largest of the Slavic languages, Russian is the official language of four countries (Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan). It’s also widely spoken in many other countries of the former Soviet Union, and has official status in numerous sub-national territories.

Russian’s closest relatives include Ukrainian and Belarusian. The three are all descended from the language that was spoken in the medieval state of the Kievan Rus. More distantly, they’re related to other Slavic languages like Polish, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, and Serbo-Croat.

By number of native speakers, Russian is the biggest language in Europe. Like many of the Slavic languages, it’s written with the Cyrillic alphabet (see here for some tips on how you can learn it.)

8. Bengali (261 million speakers)

Number of native speakers: 242 million
Number of non-natives: 19 million
Total number of speakers: 261 million
Language family: Indo-Aryan, a sub-family of Indo-European.
Related to: Hindustani, Punjabi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Nepali
Name in the language itself: বাংলা (Bangla)

Sometimes known in English by its native name Bangla, Bengali is the official language of Bangladesh and of several Indian states. In fact, it’s the the second most widely spoken language in India.

Like Hindustani (mentioned above), Bengali is an Indo-Aryan language. This is a branch of the Indo-European family; other branches include the Romance and Germanic languages. In other words, Bengali and Hindustani are (believe it or not) distant cousins of English.

Bengali is written in the Bengali alphabet, sometimes known as Eastern Nagari or Bengali-Assamese script. It’s related to Tibetan script. Natively, “bengali alphabet” translates to “bangla bôrnômala”. In the alphabet itself, that looks like this: বাংলা বর্ণমালা.

Bengali script is relatively unknown in the West, but it’s actually the fifth most widely-used writing system in the world. More people worldwide write in Bengali script than in Cyrillic!

9. Portuguese (229 million speakers)

Number of native speakers: 218 million
Number of non-natives: 11 million
Total number of speakers: 229 million
Language family: Romance, a sub-branch of Indo-European.
Related to: French, Spanish, Italian, Romanian
Name in the language itself: português

Portuguese developed from Latin and is closely related to modern Spanish. The name comes from “Portugal”, whose name in turn comes from Porto, the second-largest city in that country. But the word porto in Portuguese simply means “port”.

Someone who speaks Portuguese is called a Lusophone. This word comes from “Lusitania”, the Roman name for the area that’s now Portugal. The vast majority of Lusophones live in Brazil, which has more than twice as many Portuguese speakers than the rest of the world put together!

The Portuguese empire once stretched far and wide, from South America to Africa to as far as India and Southeast Asia. Today, Portuguese is an official language in nine countries, as well as in the Chinese territory of Macau.

Personally, I find Brazilian Portuguese to be an extremely beautiful language. That’s just one of many great reasons to learn it.

10. French (229 million speakers)

Number of native speakers: 76 million
Number of non-natives: 153 million
Total number of speakers: 229 million
Language family: Romance, a sub-branch of Indo-European.
Related to: Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
Name in the language itself: le français

Rounding up the top 10 is French, another Romance language. It’s the official language of 28 countries, with the highest number of speakers in France, Canada, Belgium, then Switzerland (in that order). It’s also widely spoken in parts of Western and Central Africa, on several Caribbean islands, and even on the South American mainland (in the French overseas department of French Guiana.)

French is a Romance language, but over the centuries it’s taken on heavy influence from Celtic and Germanic tongues. In fact, the language (and country) are named after the Franks, a collection of tribes from the Middle Ages whose language, Frankish, was Germanic, not Romance.

Frankish is now extinct, but it’s believed to have contributed many words to modern French vocabulary. French, in turn, contributed many words to English vocabulary, largely thanks to the Norman invasion of Britain in 1066.

As well as the countries and territories that speak French today, many people worldwide speak French-based creoles – particularly in Haiti, where most of the population speak Haitian Creole as their only language. Haitian Creole is heavily influenced by French, but different enough to be considered a separate language.

5 Huge Languages That You Didn’t Realise Had So Many Speakers

Did any of the top 10 most spoken languages surprise you?

While researching this post, I spotted a few languages whose size surprised me – including some I’d never even heard of before. Let’s finish off with a quick look at some languages which don’t get much global attention, but nevertheless have a large number of speakers.

(Note that this isn’t a list of the 11th to 15th largest languages overall, although some of them are in that category.)

1. Hausa

Number of native speakers: 85 million
Number of non-natives: 65 million
Total number of speakers: 150 million
Language family: Chadic, a sub-family of Afroasiatic
Related to: Ron, Bole. More distantly: Arabic, Somali
Name in the language itself: Yaren Hausa or Harshen Hausa

Hausa just barely missed inclusion in the above list. By some estimates, it’s the 11th most spoken language worldwide – although Punjabi may be bigger (see below). By number of native speakers (85 million), Hausa is in twelfth place.

A member of the Chadic family, Hausa is the biggest language in Nigeria, and a national language of Niger. There are also many native speakers living in Chad. Across wide swathes of western and central Africa, Hausa is used as a trade language.

The Chadic languages are a sub-branch of the Afroasiatic family, meaning that Hausa is distantly related to Arabic. It’s normally written in a Latin-based alphabet called boko, although you can sometimes see it written in ajami, an alphabet that’s based on Arabic script.

2. Punjabi

Number of native speakers: 148 million
Number of non-natives: negligible
Total number of speakers: 148 million
Language family: Indo-Aryan, a sub-family of Indo-European.
Related to: Hindustani, Bengali, Marathi, Kashmiri, Nepali
Name in the language itself: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ or پنجابی (panjabi)

Punjabi is named for the Punjab, a region in northern India and Eastern Pakistan. It has close to 150 million native speakers – more than Hausa, although by total number of speakers it’s not clear whether Hausa or Punjabi is bigger.

The most commonly spoken language in Pakistan, Punjabi is a member of the Indo-Aryan family. It’s also spoken by a wide diaspora – it’s the fourth most common language in the United Kingdom!

Punjabi, along with its fellow Indo–Aryan languages like Hindi/Urdu and Bengali, is a very distant cousin of English (All are part of the wider Indo-European language family). What makes Punjabi very unusual among its Indo-European relatives is that it’s a tonal language.

3. Telugu

Number of native speakers: 80 million
Number of non-natives: 12 million
Total number of speakers: 92 million
Language family: Dravidian
Related to: Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada
Name in the language itself: తెలుగు (Telugu)

I’ve already mentioned three South Asian languages: Hindustani, Bengali, and Punjab. Those are all from the Indo-European family. The next biggest South Asian language is Telugu, which is a Dravidian language (meaning that, unlike the first three, it has no known relation to English).

Telugu is the third most-common language in India, spoken mainly in the southeast of the country. It has about 75 million native speakers. That’s more than the population of the U.K.!

Telugu is the fifteenth most-spoken language worldwide, and has its own rather beautiful writing system. In the language itself, the alphabet is called “తెలుగు లిపి” (Telugu lipi).

4. Javanese

Number of native speakers: 84 million
Number of non-natives: negligible
Total number of speakers: 84 million
Language family: Austronesian
Related to: Malay, Tagalog
Name in the language itself: basa Jawa

I covered bahasa indonesia above. But Indonesia, with 260 million people spread over more than 17,000 islands, is home to some extraordinarily diverse cultures, and has over 700 living languages.

Most Indonesians speak a local language as well as Indonesian. The most common of those local languages is Javanese, which is spoken on (you guessed it) the island of Java. More than half of Indonesia’s population lives on Java, making it the most populous island not just in Indonesia but in the entire world.

Javanese is related to Indonesian, but not super-closely; they’re very much separate languages. As the Indonesian government only recognises Indonesian as the official language, this makes Java the largest language in the world not to have official status in any country.

5. Southern Quechua

Number of native speakers: 6 million
Number of non-natives: 1 million
Total number of speakers: 7 million
Language family: Quechua
Name in the language itself: Quechua

Southern Quechua has about 7 million speakers, which means it’s not nearly as big as some of the other languages I could have included. For example, Gujarati and Malayalam have far more speakers but I’ve covered enough Indian languages already.

So what makes Southern Quechua interesting? In my mind it deserves an honourable mention, because it’s the biggest of all indigenous American languages. Sadly, the Western hemisphere isn’t nearly as linguistically diverse as it used to be, but Southern Quechua is still going strong.

Note that people often call this language simply Quechua – but, to be precise, “Quechua” is more of a language family than one specific language. “Southern Quechua” is used to refer to the largest grouping of mutually intelligible dialects in the Quechua family. Its native speakers mostly live in Peru and Bolivia.

Another honourable mention should go to Guaraní. It has about 6 million speakers, so it’s not huge. But it has the distinction of being the only native American language to have official status in any country (specifically, Paraguay.) It’s also the only such language that’s widely spoken by a large number of non-native people – many Guaraní-speaking Paraguayans are of European, not indigenous, descent.


There are many other languages I could include on this list – such as Sundanese (spoken by 15% of the population of Java), or Kannada, which is spoken not in the country whose name it resembles but India. (Seriously, India is huge.) This all goes to show – you’ll never run out of languages to learn!

Are you surprised by any of the the most spoken languages? Are there any languages you were surprised weren’t included? Do you think this list is likely to change in the near future – which languages are shrinking, and which are growing? When deciding which language to learn, does it matter how many speakers it has? Let me know your thoughts in the comments.

THE DARK WEB & DEEP WEB: HOW TO ACCESS THE HIDDEN INTERNET TODAY

When most of us think of the internet, we imagine day-to-day activities like watching a video, checking the news or booking a vacation online. However, under the surface lies a shadowy corner of the web where terrorists, criminals, and whistleblowers lurk.


The Deep Web has been heralded by many as the last bastion of internet privacy in an increasingly intrusive age, while others consider it one of the evilest places on the internet.

INSIDE THE DEEP WEB

The Deep Web refers to any website that cannot be readily accessed through any conventional search engine such as Google or Yahoo! Search The reason for this is because the content has not been indexed by the search engine in question.

In layman’s terms, the Deep Web is just another ‘level’ of the internet. Residing below the “surface,” it is the deepest level of the internet.

Web Indexing Explained

Indexing is best explained through contemporary search engine Google and its robust, high-performance system of indexing. Google’s indexing methods rely largely on a process referred to as “crawling,” which is akin to a virtual spider crawling amongst the multitude of pages on a website that is readily accessed by clicked links.

A cursory scan is implemented, thus rendering the pages’ content to a format that can be sent to Google’s massive index servers, at which point the data is contextually organized and entered into a collective of algorithms that comprise the search engine.

If a website is not indexec by a search engine, it can only be accessed by navigating directly to the URL via a link or typing in the exact web address in to a web browser.

WHO BENEFITS FROM THE DEEP WEB?

There is a wide range of people that benefit from the Deep Web’s capability to allow anonymous use and communication. Listed below are individuals or groups who have benefitted from the Deep Web in the past and whom also continue to benefit from its existence today.

  • Journalists and Whistleblowers
  • Political Protesters, and Anti-Censorship Advocacy Groups
  • Residents of Oppressive Political Regimes

Journalists and Whistleblowers

Former military, government, and corporate employees are coming together en masse to report widespread (and largely unknown) corruption within their respective fields. Working in conjunction with investigative reporters, these individuals can communicate top-secret and classified information to the media to expose corruption under a modicum of protection.

Political Protesters, and Anti-Censorship Advocacy Groups

Anonymity is of paramount importance for these figures, who utilize the Dark Web as an application to conduct communication measures safely and privately.

Residents of Oppressive Political Regimes

Citizens living in countries ruled by oppressive regimes often do not have ready access to news, information, and critically important data pertaining to the health and sustainability of society as a collective whole. The Deep Web offers members of society living under oppressive political regimes a relatively safe way to garner crucial information for their own needs, in addition to exporting it out of the country.

WHAT’S ON THE DEEP WEB?

The hidden world of the Deep Web contains a plethora of data, information, and a wealth of possibilities, including but not limited to the following:

  1. The internal sites of major companies, associations, and trade organizations
  2. The school, college, and university intranet systems
  3. Access to online databases
  4. Password-protected websites with members-only access
  5. Paywall enshrouded pages
  6. Timed access pages such as those found on online test-taking sites
  7. Circumventing paywalls for blocked digital content
  8. An individual’s personal account for social media, email, banking, and more

WHY DO WEBSITES USE THE DEEP WEB?

What the above all have in common is that their information is not intended for public consumption. The owners of the content may go to great lengths to render the information inaccessible by ensuring it doesn’t show up in internet browser search results.

It is worth noting that the Deep Web is not always illegal and there are plenty of activities taking place that are entirely within the context of the law. Activities such as those listed below are commonplace on the Deep Web, with a membership often comprised of in-the-know internet users well-versed in accessing the Deep Web.

  • Social Media, Blogging, Text and Voice Chat
  • International tournament-style games such as Chess and Backgammon
  • Survivalist-type, end-of-world groups
  • Book clubs, fan clubs, video game clubs
  • Hidden Answers – a popular Deep Web version of Yahoo Answers
  • Public records and certificates, library system indexes
  • Communicating via encrypted use to ensure privacy and protection
  • Karaoke and Singing Competitions
  • Conspiracy theorist groups and preferred “home” bases
  • Computer and technology skills classes and courses

INSIDE THE DARK WEB

Known throughout the world as the Dark Net, the Dark Internet, or most commonly, the Dark Web, this corner of the internet lies within the deepest points of the internet abyss.

Accessing the Dark Web requires a certain degree of savvy internet prowess, with a required list of steps that must be taken to not only enter this enshrouded world while maintaining the utmost privacy.

How to Access The Dark Web

In an effort to maintain privacy, Dark World visitors commonly utilize specialized anonymity software such as Tor to mask their identity. Traditionally, when an internet user visits any site that exists on the world wide web, they are tracked via their Internet Protocol (IP) address.

In stark contrast, surfing the Dark Web is an entirely different matter altogether, with masking software used to render a personal computer anonymous while masking identity, location, IP address, and more.

Who Uses The Dark Web?

The Dark Web has historically been a realm that has been accessed by a small minority of internet users. Out of the billions of internet users accessing the internet on an everyday basis, Dark Web use remains around3 percent.

While usage of the Dark Web may seemingly be minuscule, the network’s individuals, businesses, and various trafficking organizations have rendered it a highly powerful force that has resulted in countless internet users desperately wanting to access the Dark Web and to ultimately become a part of its anonymous user base.

What is Available on The Dark Web?

The Dark Web remains incredibly attractive to internet users for a wide range of reasons. The enshrouded nature and complex methodology required to access this world have effectively made it a secret world, full of salacious activity, black markets, sights, and perks limited to a select few.

Listed below is a sampling of the many things to be found using Dark Web links:

Credit card numbers

Stolen credit card numbers are a big business on the Dark Web. Typically sold in bulk lots of a hundred or more, credit card numbers can be had at low prices and ready for the most illicit of uses.

Fake passports

Popular Dark Website “Fake Documents” specializes in selling top-notch replica documents from every nation in the world. A United States passport can be had for as little as 1,000dollars.

Marijuana

Every strain, potency, and type of Marijuana can be found on the Dark Web. Meanwhile, prices are often lower than those typically found in the “regular” market.

Traditional internet browsers such as Google can amass up to a million daily hits for “how to buy marijuana on the Deep Web,” indicating a mammoth interest in entering the hidden world.

Stolen/Hacked Accounts

On the Dark Web, it is very easy to procure stolen/hacked accounts to popular websites and services such as Netflix, Spotify, Uber, and PayPal

Commonly stolen accounts include Netflix at just one dollar, hacked Uber accounts for the purposes of evading law enforcement, Spotify accounts for pennies on the dollar, and PayPal accounts that buyers can empty out at will.

Bitcoin Lottery Tickets

Bitcoin is the singular currency used on the Dark Web and is favored by users for its anonymity. The cryptocurrency is often used for gambling and other similarly illicit activities, and bitcoins are widely used today in conjunction with a cottage industry of bitcoin lottery tickets.

Fake Coupons

Fake coupons offering savings ranging from fifty cents to substantial discounts exceeding twenty percent off are a booming business on the Dark Web. The counterfeit coupons are used at businesses such as Home Depot, Lowes, and other major companies to fraudulently obtain major discounts via seemingly legitimate bar code printing on coupons.

Recently, a magnate of the counterfeit coupon industry on the Dark Web was indicted by the Federal Government for stealing more than one million dollars via fraudulent coupons.

Fake College Degrees

Any name and any institution are for sale on the Dark Web. Whether you are interested in purchasing a degree in your name from Harvard, Yale, or Stanford, these official looking documents can be quickly and cheaply had.

Ricin and other poisons

Recently popularized by its presence on the mega-hit TV show Breaking Bad, Ricin is a deadly poison that can swiftly kill people.

Recently available for purchase at a site on the Dark Web called Black Market Reloaded, Ricin could be purchased in mass quantities.

Black Market Reloaded has since been shut down, with its operator sent to federal prison for his part in manufacturing the illicit substance.

Despite the closure of Black Market Reloaded, Ricin can still be found throughout the Dark Web along with a host of other deadly chemicals.

3D printing services

Business Insider recently reported the story of entrepreneurial-minded individuals using printing technology to create counterfeit money, card skimmer apparatuses and more. As printing technology continues to advance, many individuals are taking advantage of it by creating official-looking documents that can be used in a vast array of mediums.

A Pocket-style EMP Generator

Selling miniature, pocket-sized electromagnetic pulse generator devices are a popular market on the Dark Web in China. Capable of “frying” nearby electronic devices and rendering them dead, the applications for this tool are endless. Savvy users have gone as far as using the generator to add mass amounts of credits to slot machines at casinos and gambling halls to cheat their way to guaranteed winnings.

Murder for hire/Assassination

Murder for hire is perhaps the most famed notion associated with the Dark Web. According to reports, there are legions of contract killers available for hire hiding within the murky depths of the Dark Web.

However, there is a large collective insisting that hitmen do not truly exist on the Dark Web and that anyone foolish enough to employ the services of these types of individuals is merely setting themselves up in a trap to be arrested for conspiracy to murder.

Whether you believe in the existence of contract killers or consider it a hoax, there exists a very real community on the Dark Web with a plethora of individuals claiming they can kill for money. Whether that individual is a teenage prankster or a serious killer is a question which remains unknown.

Plastic Explosives

If Ricin and cocaine aren’t enough to quell your thirst for illicit compounds, you may be surprised to hear about the existence of authentic C4 plastic explosives available on the Dark Net in mass quantities.

Social Security Numbers

A site on the Dark Web called Black Bank offers what they call “fresh” social security numbers featuring credit scores topping out over 750 at affordable prices and with free shipping.

Drugs/Narcotics

Drugs are a booming market on the Dark Web. Home to every drug imaginable, the Dark Web offers consumers marijuana, heroin, ecstasy, shrooms, LSD, cocaine, crack, meth and more.

Pharmaceuticals are also abundantly available with many consumers swapping up prescription meds for pennies on the dollar. Common examples include painkillers, Ritalin, Adderall, and Dextroamphetamine.

Weapons

Frighteningly enough, the Dark Web features a website called the Armory where consumers can readily purchase weapons such as replica AK-47s, rocket-propelled grenade launchers, IED missiles, and more. Despite their terrifying product list, The Armory insists that it refuses to sell to terrorist groups.

SWAT-style body armor

SWAT-style body armor is in common use during military campaigns and is rarely found outside that specific application. On the Armory site, consumers can pick and choose from gun and weapons packages complete with SWAT-grade armor for the ultimate in protection.

Uranium

Even Uranium Ore can allegedly be sourced on the Dark Web. For those not in the know, Uranium Ore is a chemical, that once refined, can be made into atomic material at the weapons-grade level.

Hacked Government Data

Hacked government data is a big business on the Dark Web with many consumers looking to purchase lists of thousands of emails, social security numbers, and a host of other sensitive data.

Luxury Goods Counterfeit and Replica Market

Tor Project Screenshot

The counterfeit market on the Dark Web is massive. Any replica of any brand can be found from Louis Vuitton, Christian Dior, Prada, Tag Heuer, Rolex, Gucci and far more. Consumers seeking a designer handbag, watch, or other luxury items can procure replicas for incredibly low prices.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE DEEP WEB AND THE DARK WEB

Deep Web and Dark Web are understood by many to be interchangeable terms that both describe a host of illicit online activities. However, this is untrue and many activists have fought to stop the tandem use of the terms and to bring to light the distinct ways in which each concept exists in the online world today.

Here is a table comparing both platforms along with the surface web, which is the internet most of us use daily.

THE SURFACE WEBTHE DEEP WEBTHE DARK WEB
How to AccessTraditional search engineRequires password, encryption, or specialty softwareRequires Tor Project or similar to view
IncludesAll indexed web pagesAll unindexed webpagesSubset of unindexed webpages inside the deep web
SizeApproximately 4.47 billion pagesMassive, likely 4-5x larger than the Surface webA subset of the Deep Web, but unmeasurable in size
UsesEmail, social media, video, legitimate business websites, etc.Usually used for legit purposes that require anonymitySometimes used for illegal activities
Who uses it?Anyone with an internet connectionWhistleblowers, journalists, etc.Hackers, sellers & buyers of illegal merchandise
Can be browsed anonymously?No, nearly all activity can be seen by your ISP.Usually, especially if you use a VPN to access.With precautions, yes.

THE FUTURE OF THE DARK WEB

Popular website Gizmodo released an article this March titled “The Dark Web is Disappearing.” The author, Bryan Menegus, starts off by stating that the Dark Web is now mostly full of useless garbage and that Tor is on its way to obscurity.

He illustrates this claims via comprehensive search probes conducted by Onionscan to query a database of upwards of thirty thousand Tor sites. Onionscan’s findings showed that only a little over four thousand sites (15%) were actually online and operating.

The lack of sites has led many, including Menegus, to believe that Tor and its counterparts are on the way to obscurity, with an increasing number of users ditching the services and its many drawbacks. The idea that Tor is headed towards obscurity in stark contrast to a press release that they released just last month where they claimed they had made great strides in growth and progress.

Former Dark Web Service Giants

These opposing statements can make it impossible to accurately gauge what’s really going on. However, we can predict Tor’s possible demise by looking at the untimely disappearances of two associated services: SIGAINT and Freedom Hosting II. If these two giant companies failed and disappeared, Tor can very well be headed towards the same downward path.

The Fate of Freedom Hosting II

Freedom Hosting II’s fate was sealed when it was accused of hosting child pornography sites. An activist or activist group hacked Freedom Hosting II, and the site crashed in a short time, taking over ten thousand hosted websites with it.

The Fate of SIGAINT

SIGAINT was a player on the Dark Web as well and was considered to be among the most popular and ubiquitous dark web email servers, favored by many individuals with an array of illicit interests.

Despite its immense popularity, SIGAINT had a shoddy performance record and was intermittently available, creating widespread frustration amongst users. The lackluster performance of SIGAINT went on for months and finally culminated in a period of downtime from which it never returned. With its demise, SIGAINT took with it millions of email correspondence that has been rendered lost forever.

Since SIGAINT’s disappearance from the Dark Web, other companies have taken its place and are lauded by users for providing the kind of consistent, reliable service that SIGAINT lacked.

The tandem loss of SIGAINT and Freedom Hosting II sent waves around the Dark Web community and has led many to speculate that Tor may very well shut down its operation and be replaced with a more viable contender without the many drawbacks found in using Tor.

THE DEEP WEB TODAY

The Deep Web will always exist, as it is merely a “locale” within the internet that holds all the hidden content that isn’t crawled by Google and similar web search engines.

While the Dark Web is highly associated with illicit, illegal, and immoral activities, itis often more generic in nature and is loosely defined by its collective of hidden sites, accessed by various individuals, many of them with innocuous reasons such as maintaining privacy, security, and safety.

Browsing the Deep Web is now easier than ever.

The Tor web browser is one of the leading ways to access the Deep Web today. Many users are now also Tor along with VPN tunnels for heightened security and privacy.

There are also a number of Tor-style plug-ins that can be used with major web browsers. It’s worth noting that using Tor or a Tor-style plug-in is something necessary to access the deep and dark web.

WHAT IS THE TOR PROJECT?

Tor is software that provides individuals the ability to communicate anonymously. The name Tor is actually an acronym derived from its original namesake: “The Onion Router.” Users herald Tor browsers as the ultimate means to travel through the expansive internet anonymously.

FREEDOM AND PRIVACY WITHIN THE TOR PROJECT

Tor makes it difficult to track a person’s online presence and comprehensively provides a cover for the purposes of visiting websites, dark web links, making online posts, sending instant messages, and nearly all other forms of electronic communication.

As such, Tor users proclaim that their freedoms are upheld in a way that is incomparable to traditional programs with their tracking and modicum of data surveillance. It is worth noting, however, that Tor does not completely resolve anonymity issues on the net by erasing a user’s surfing footprint. Rather, it functions to reduce the possibility for various sites to track a user’s actions and send crucial information back to the inquiring parts.

WHO USES THE TOR PROJECT

Tor is used by an enormous aggregate of people and their individual interests. Below is a list of web users who may use the Tor Project online.

  • Bloggers
  • Government Agencies
  • Criminals
  • Whistleblowers
  • Journalists
  • Activists
  • Dark Web Users

Today, Tor’s user base is comprised of chatters, bloggers, social media posters, and other individuals with perfectly benign interests who wish to surf the net in a secure and wholly private fashion.

However, there is definitely a more illicit population of Tor users who use the cloaking capacities of Tor to hide their criminal and illegal endeavors and illegitimate enterprises.

Tor users aren’t simply defined by dual populations of illicit and licit users, as there are plenty of groups worth mentioning who comprise the user base. Law enforcement agencies can be regularly found on Tor, as well as “hacktivism” groups various governmental agencies, whistleblowers, and informants.

Public Perception of The Tor Project

Recently, The Tor Project sent out a press statement claiming they had a broad population of “normal users” who simply desired the privacy and cybersecurity afforded by Tor and had no inclination towards criminal or illicit activity. Clearly, this was an effort on Tor’s part to defend their services in light of burgeoning interest and awareness of Tor along with the Deep and Dark Webs.

Despite the intermittent public relations attempts thatTor finds itself having to put out, they have nevertheless enjoyed a robust user base that is consistently growing with each passing year. As of 2013, Tor had a user base of just over four million. Today, their user base is estimated at just under six million and is comprised of a wide variety of individuals with a range of interests and intents.

TOR PROJECT LIMITATIONS

However, there are many drawbacks of Tor that must be fully understood before using the service.

  • Autonomous system – Also Known as Eavesdropping
  • Exit Node Eavesdropping
  • Lack of Boundary Traffic Monitoring

Autonomous system – Also Known as Eavesdropping

In the event that an autonomous system is found on dual paths via the client to entry directionality, the autonomous system can then implement statistical correlation upon the entry traffic, in addition to existing pathways.

The resulting harm is the ability to make an inference in regard to the original destination from which the user made communication. Hugely problematic for Tor users, this matter came to a head in 2012, when the Lastor group created and proposed a method of interference via statistical prediction that would remedy the issue.

Exit Node Eavesdropping

The term ‘exit node eavesdropping’ became widely known when a Swedish IT Security Consultant named Dan Egerstad informed news agencies that he had single-handedly intercepted a huge collecting of usernames and passwords for email accounts.

Egerstad accomplished this by monitoring and eavesdropping on Tor’s exit nodes. Tor is incapable of encrypting traffic via exit nodes and target servers, each and every exit node is thusin a strategic position to “capture: traffic not utilizing end-to-end style encryption SSLtechnology.

Exit node eavesdropping doesn’t pose a specific breach of anonymity; however, the intercepted traffic can reveal a wealth of information (e.g., passwords) via data from protocols and payloads.

Lack of Boundary Traffic Monitoring

Similar to most other anonymity networks, Tor does not attempt to protect the monitoring of Tor boundary traffic with respect to incoming and outgoing traffic. It is worth mentioning, however, that Tor does provide a modicum of protection against traffic exposure to data analysis, it makes no further attempt to prevent what’s referred to as end-to-end correlation, also known as traffic confirmation.

Tor’s weaknesses and drawbacks are widely known through its collective user base. Still yet, the number of Tor users surges each year, as it far and wide considered to be among the most powerful and resilient anonymity sites available online.

Tor, along with its competitor Java Anon Proxy, is heralded by users as more robust than fingerprinting procedures on websites in relation to alternative tunneling protocols and much more.

The Tor Project Today

Tor sent out a press statement in early 2017 stating that while the “free and open internet was under attack in 2017… Tor was there to fight for privacy and security every step of the way.” Adding that they had achieved amazing growth over a period of the year, Tor let its user and fan base know that they had released what they proclaimed was a next-gen onion-style service featuring high-tech algorithms along with significantly improved authentication schemes.

Tor Project Updates

Tor also indicated that they released one of the biggest updates to the Tor browser ever, which included a host of significant cybersecurity advances capable of isolating attacks on their software, thus ensuring further protections against not only Tor but also its user base.

Tor explained that this all-new process is referred to as “sandboxing,” and functions via the separation of multiple network processes from the remaining components of a user’s computer, thus thwarting any illicit attempts from others to gain IP address information, documents, files, and other data.

THE FINAL WORD: THE DEEP WEB AND THE DARK WEB

Today, countless internet users try to gain entry into the Deep Web and the Dark Web. Some are looking for something in particular that simply can’t be sourced on the regular internet, others are simply curious.

The Deep Web, the Dark Web, and tools such as Tor hold mass appeal due to their secretive natures. Despite their relatively recent invention, the appeal they hold is as old as time itself. It is human nature to be intrigued by that which we don’t understand or cannot easily access.






24 Best Online Dating Apps

Today when everything else has gone digital, why not dating? Albeit not new, using dating apps for real-life dating is an incredible idea that has become successful for many young enthusiasts. Finding the perfect match that lives to your expectations is never easy; however, dedicated mobile dating apps come handy when it comes to meeting people in your area just using a fingertip.

Unlike a few years ago when computer was the only resort for virtual social engagements, mobile apps with location sensors has given match seekers a comfortable, discreet solution. From casual hookups and long-term relationships to summer romance or just intimate friendship, the dating apps for Android and iOS devices are here to help.

Here is the list of best dating apps for Android and iOS in 2019 to find the right match:

1. Tinder

Legitimately, the most popular dating app all over the world, Tinder has become the signature app, a benchmark for almost all of modern dating apps for Android and iOS in 2019. It helps create connection with a person in  a few seconds, which is made possible with the algorithm used in this app that offers an exceptional selling proposition.

The app lets you view new profiles every time you load it and you can easily swipe right if you want to meet someone or swipe left if you are not interested in them. Often regarded as a casual dating solution, Tinder is also used for serious relationships with mutual consent. The stunning features of this app are super-like option, mutual friends, etc.

Tinder

Features:

  • App provides unlimited likes feature
  • It’s easy and moreover fun
  • Swipe right feature- allows liking a person
  • Swipe left feature- allows to pass
  • Instant chats with your matches

Download : AndroidiOS

2. Happn

This app offers unique experiences of dating by literally letting you find the people who are around you. Happn gets access to your location so that, whenever you cross paths with another Happn member, their profile will show up on your timeline.

Another interesting feature is that it lets you see the number of times you have crossed path with the same individual. Like Tinder, you can like or dislike someone by swiping right and left. Its amazing feature “Crush” lets the other person know that you like them. You can improve your Charms by earning credits which can be done by buying or inviting friends to the app.

Happn

Features:

  • Easily find people and create your own luck
  • Find all profiles that have crossed paths with you within your timeline
  • Can send secret likes
  • Matches can play Crushtime game together
  • This app keeps confidentiality as priority and location is not shown to the public

Download : AndroidiOS

3. Grindr

Grindr heartily welcomes all the gay and bisexual men who wish to meet and see like-minded men nearby. It is available globally and used by millions of people who resort to the app for regular men-to-men dating. Making a Grindr profile is made simple and fast with inclusion of a profile pic, user name, and a few simple questions.

Choose “Tribe” to describe your tastes and type, and start chatting with men who are a close match.Its premium version called Grindr Xtra offers ad-free dating and chatting experience with more delightful features like creating multiple Tribes and adding advanced search filters.

Grindr

Features:

  • Allows fast and instant chats
  • Find people nearby based on location
  • Chat & share photos privately
  • Filter search options are available
  • Star favorites and block other users

Download : AndroidiOS

4. Badoo

Badoo bears the crown of being an outstanding dating app that is used by more than 370 million users from 190 plus countries. The app has interesting methods to find a suitable match in your area for you with Tinder-like swiping system.

Its premium version offers highly verified profiles with authentic experience that is free from “catfish” scams. It uses photos, social media presence and phone-based verification for premium experience where you can credits to enhance your visibility. Users can also subscribe to its “super powers” to enjoy even richer features.

Badoo

Features:

  • One of the world’s largest dating app
  • Browse profiles even when you’re offline
  • Unless a person replies, you can only send a maximum of 2 messages
  • Can choose to chat with only verified users
  • Chatting even has the option to live selfie

Download : AndroidiOS

5. Bumble

Similar to Tinder, Bumble helps you find a match in terms of friends and dates in your area. However, it has women-oriented approach and lets a woman make a first move and initiate the conversation after two persons connect. This app is liberated from obscene messages and finds you a perfect date in 24 hours.

You have only 24 hours to develop a connection after which it disappears. For dating and friendship, a person is allotted 24 hours before the connection vanishes though they can get an extension of 24 more hours. Bumble also has BFF feature for those who wish to enrich their friend circle.

Bumble

Features:

  • Date, meet friends or even create networks
  • Has 3 different modes to make the potential connection: Bumble, Bumble BFF, Bumble BIZZ
  • The first app to bring dating, friend-finding & career building in an single network
  • This app rejects hate speech thus, keeping users feel safe

Download : AndroidiOS

6. Her

It’s an unconventional free dating app made by Benikki Ltd especially for the bisexual, queer woman and the lesbians. With the help of this app, the people can share their true nature and can find the right partner. You can sign up with Facebook or Instagram and view the activities of Her users in your vicinity.

If you like a user with whom you have mutual interest, the app will let you chat with them. Her stands out from other apps by offering incredible social features, news and articles aboutLGBTQ community and events, which makes the app usable for more than just meeting people.

Her

Features:

  • App is beautifully and simply designed
  • Have options to read the news, know what’s happening around the city, find friends and even get advice
  • It’s a huge wide community
  • Easy-sign up and consist of only verified accounts

Download : AndroidiOS

7. OkCupid

OkCupid has achieved rage among online daters and has impressive volume of user base. It remains quite updated and refined with new features getting added now and then and has user-friendly straightforward dating tools. Its feature called “flavors” allows users to view most intriguing and interesting flavors of matching people under tags of Beard Lovers, Kinky Nerds, Word Travelers and more.

It is equipped with message tools, personality quiz and Instagram integration and much more. The premium OKC membership adds greater features like refined search tools and viewing people who liked you.

OkCupid

Features:

  • Consist of a rich dating profile with highlights of your personality & interests
  • Focus only on the connection you are interested in
  • Set your dating preferences
  • Advanced filter and search options
  • Has a unique messaging system

Download : AndroidiOS

8. Clover

Appearing as a fair mixture of Tinder and Ok Cupid, Clover offers a unique approach and various ways to discover and meet potential dates. It features Tinder-like swiping and detailed profiles along with helpful questionnaires and dependable date planners. To make the dating app even more exhilarating, Clover takes you away from swiping limits and make things more interesting by introducing you with live mixers.

So if you want to escape boring match-finding routines, you can participate in mixers with 20 Questions game, or indulge in “on demand dating.” Another aspect that makes Clover one of the best dating apps is its  premium features that help improve profile visibility and interactions.

Clover

Feature:

  • Find people for short or long term dating
  • Consist of search filters
  • Has on-demand dating options
  • Has a 20 question fun quiz contest to see what others like
  • Can find nearby events, parties and even catch meet-ups

Download : AndroidiOS

9. Truly Madly

This app is mainly popular in India and it is the host of one of the largest dating communities of the country. The best possible matches are created by this app algorithm-based on your preferences and profiles.

The unique feature of this app is that it allows the users to express themselves by creating and uploading a video profile which makes Truly Madly one of the considerable dating apps for Android and iOS in 2018. Uploading personal photos and videos are turned into screenshot proof in order to avoid disastrous catfishing incidents of fake accounts.

Truly Madly

Features:

  • India’s leading matchmaking app
  • Trust Score verification with Facebook, LinkedIn, contact number, photo ID etc. to maintain the platform free from fake profiles
  • Allows to meet new people and expand your social network
  • You even have the option to go incognito to chat with those whom you like

Download : Android, iOS

10. Coffee Meets Bagel

The reason why Coffee Meets Bagel deserves a place in the best dating apps is that the app is quite exemplary in its approach for virtual dating. The app sends men a small number of potential matches based on their profile and tastes, and women will also receive a selection of matches who are interested in them. Ladies can then reciprocate and respond to the dating suggestions.

If feelings are mutual, the app offers 7-day chat window for commencing interactions. Users can also earn or “beans” that provides more options like expanding chat window duration or viewing mutual connections. Its premium version thus creates more dating opportunities by giving more info on person’s CMB activities.

Coffee Meets Bagel

Features:

  • Helps you find curated matches
  • Consist of in-depth profiles
  • Permission to notification are strongly based on your suggestions
  • Can access activity reports

Download : AndroidiOS

11. Plenty of Fish

This app is similar to Tinder but for the people who want to opt for online dating without destroying their economy. Almost all the features of Plenty of Fish are free and this allows the users to check unlimited profiles, send unlimited messages and do many more activities.

It is known as the host of one of the major dating communities of the world with more than 70 million active members. However, due to immense rush of users and free services, catfish profiles are likely to materialize. Moreover, this app is available in selected first-world countries like UK, Canada, US, Australia, Brazil and Ireland.

Plenty of Fish

Features:

  • Has the advanced matching algorithm
  • Send and receive unlimited messages for free
  • Conversation powers- includes voice messaging, video-calling and photo sharing
  • Matches can call each other within the app

Download : AndroidiOS

12. Match.com

Match.com allows you to join its online dating service for free. Users can upload photos, create profile, browse singles in their area using the app on the go. Available for both iOS and Android, Match app lets you do a lot without taking a single penny from you.

You can explore the ocean of millions of eligible men and women for fun date, serious relationship or special friendship. Match is quite successful among top rated dating sites when it comes to finding the right compatible partner for you.

Match

Features:

  • Helps you find dates, relationships or marriages
  • View photos of local singles
  • Search on the go
  • Exchange messages with voice commands

Download : Android, iOS

13. Raya

Working as both dating and networking, Raya stands out in the crowd due to its sincere member-only services for people in creative industries. Following a strict code of conduct, Raya encourages iOS users to complete an application form whichinvolves a referral from an existing member.

The app will then assess your details with its own algorithm followed by evaluation by a dedicated committee. Once the approval is received, you can set up your profile and start using the app at $8 a month. You can either pick from dating prospects or use Social Mode to see different hotspots of members hanging out. Its App store reviews are stellar, which makes Raya, a reliable app for those who seriously need a perfect partner.

Raya

Features:

  • Private, membership-based network for dating or communication
  • Accepted members can have access to full service
  • Find nearby members
  • Auto-renewal may be turned off
  • No cancellation of current subscription allowed during the active period

Download : iOS

14. Hinge

Hinge has an interface that resemblesTinder and it relies on Facebook to develop dating prospects for users. The app finds best matches showing you, people with common friends & interests. Users have a smooth Tinder-like interface to answer a bunch of telltale questions with Swipe function, making it faster, easier and fun.

You can ask the common friend if you are curious about someone and receive messages only from the close match. Plus, Hinge allows you to see people’s dating expectations and separately like the number of elements on their profile, which leads to a natural, transparent and fluid first conversation.

Hinge

Features:

  • An app that quickly learns your type and introduces you to the best people
  • Can set advanced preferences
  • Has the option to preferred membership packages
  • Starting a conversation is made easier

Download : Android, iOS

15. LuvFree

LuvFree is a 100% free dating app with all-round features. It lets you communicate with your matches, send virtual kisses, create a friends list and see who’s viewed your profile. There is a lot you can do with LuvFree. It can effortlessly arrange for you to meet most eligible singles and dates nearby or even across the world.

Offering many choices, in LuvFree app you will find friendship, casual dates, committed relationships and even marriage. LuvFree does make your dating efforts worthwhile and fun.

LuvFree

Features:

  • Users database is actual and maximum free of fake profiles
  • Makes dating efforts more fun and easy
  • Can view details about the profile views
  • Advanced search options for users

Download : Android

16. Zoosk

Zoosk is one of those amazing free dating apps and lets you sign up easily using Facebook or Google+ profile. Integrated with social media, Zoosk allows you to start searching for the best match for Android and iOS users.

It also comes with a Facebook-specific app, offering you more choices in this league. Considering economy and technology, Zoosk has got it all to stay on the top with millions of satisfied active users.

Zoosk

Feature:

  • One of the most trusted and best dating subscription app
  • Has advanced search filter options
  • Filtering based on location is available
  • Offers photo, phone number & social media account verification

Download : AndroidiOS

17. The League

Quite comparable with Raya, the League app follows a strict membership protocol and is a perfect dating service for ambitious, career-oriented and educated crowd. Its rigorous joining process requires you to apply and let the app access and verify your information on Facebook and LinkedIn. After this, your eligibility will be accepted, rejected or put on a waitlist (which may take months).

Once you are a full-fledged, you can avail paid monthly or annual membership and start receiving 7 prospects each day. If you like someone, you have 21 days to contact them. Your reputation as a member on The League is subject to how responsive you are to your prospects. This app appeals to those who prefer career ambition and education of potential partner.

The League

Features:

  • Meet people you’d actually date
  • Join local groups and meetups offline
  • The app has fewer options creating greater effects to find the perfect match’
  • Limited to cities like New York City, Atlanta, Austin, Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, L.A., London, Miami, Nashville,  Orlando, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia,  San Francisco, Toronto, Tampa, and Washington D.C.

Download : AndroidiOS

18. Sapio

Sapio is a free dating app whose services revolve around meaningfully rich conversations and intellectual interests. Its primary goal is to encourage the daters to exceed the limits of conversational clichés such as ‘hey’, ‘what’s up?’ and all. To avoid shallow dating tricks, users are asked to jump to Sapio’s Questions Explorer that contains 300 open-ended questions from 21 categories.

They include “Hopes and Dreams”, “My Quirks”, “Achievements”, etc. Explore the topics of your interest and get answers from interesting people. Be visible for people who care about the same stuff by answering a few questions and refine your search by entering things that you think matter to you. This way, Sapio allows you to go beyond looks and find a soulmate of substance, based on their true personality.

Sapio

Features:

  • An app where the physical and intellectual attraction is put together
  • Provides tools to find the perfect match
  • Called the intelligent app among dating apps
  • Let users react with reactions like thumbs up, heart, question mark, thumbs down, or HAHA.

Download : AndroidiOS

19. Skout

Skout runs on random chat encounters with shake-to-chat formula. You can just shake your phone to pair randomly in a chat with someone in your neighborhood. The basic approach of this online dating app replicates the experience of randomly bumping into your soulmate at a coffee shop just like what we often see on rom-com movies.

Alternatively, you can make finding dating match more precise by scrolling through profiles and choosing one to initiate conversation. This free app offers premium features at $9.99/month. Unexpected or weird chat with strangers are dreaded in Skout.

Skout

Features:

  • Meet people instantly and see who’s live real-time
  • Chat, broadcast yourself and watch others stream
  • Browse profiles and pictures, save your favorite users
  • Profiles can be promoted using in-app features

Download : AndroidiOS

20. Luxy

Luxy is an elite social dating app for millionaires and affluent men and women. Though it is designed to help successful people find their suitable match, Luxy manages to remain affordable #1 app in this category. Users can create profiles, upload photos and search for matches without any charges.

They also receive best-matching suggestions in their inbox and communicate with them. When you refer a friend to Luxy, you get a $10 in-app credit that can be spent on enjoying premium features.

Luxy

Features:

  • An app focussing on wealthy, rich, beautiful and elite singles
  • Plays matchmaker for CEOs, entrepreneurs, supermodels, celebrities, doctors, and other elite singles
  • Extends locations to NYC, LA, Miami, Paris, Milan, and London
  • Has the most accurate and reliable verification process to guarantee the best user quality

Download : AndroidiOS

21. Taffy

Taffy is based on a unique chat-dating formula. It takes a deep smarter approach to online dating and allows you to gradually know and build connection with your prospects. Unlike other dating apps where quick judgements are made from a profile pic, Taffy delightfully offers you an opportunity to chat with someone and then view their photos with clarity.

The fun part is that profile is kept blurred in the beginning, and more you chat, clearer their photo gets. This way, you don’t lose your soulmate and have better knowledge of their personality by the time you can see their real look.

taffy

Features:

  • Makes an exciting way to meet new people
  • Until you start conversations with a user, images remain blurry with catchy headlines
  • Great interface with user-friendly designs

Download : iOS

22. Yubo

Yubo whose former name was Yellow is a pleasant social dating option that has a mixed feel of Tinder and Snapchat. So if you like profiles swipe right or swipe left if you don’t. Upon finding a prospect interesting, you can chat as live video. The app takes care of users’ safety by enabling safety features like cell phone verification.

This way fake profiles don’t hinder dating process of serious match seekers. Yubo’s swipe feature may feel superficial, though. Plus, many people look for just hookups instead of friendship and good dating. The app works best for iPhone users as its Android version lacks some features.

Yubo

Features:

  • Social app to meet new friends and have fun
  • Chats can be private conversations
  • Can send and receive pictures, Bitmoji stickers
  • At a time, go live with 10 people
  • Live streams are public and can be watched by others as well

Download : AndroidiOS

23. eHarmony

eHarmony is the first ever online dating service to use scientific approach of Compatibility Matching System to find highly compatible singles. To ensure lasting and fulfilling relationship, the app determines compatibility of men and women based on 29 dimensions.

The user can rest in knowledge that the matches suggested by eHarmony services are highly compatible and will lead to a serious date or a happy relationship. Give the app a chance if you are tired of fruitless dating and yearn for the soulmate.

eHarmony

Features:

  • Find true and compatible matches
  • Easy account set up and also can sign-up with Facebook
  • Can send smiles, favorite your matches
  • Can send pre-written quick questions
  • Get push notifications

Download : AndroidiOS

24. Elite Singles

EliteSingles is a phenomenal dating app for professionals finding a match with other professional based on their educational or professional background. The app has a positive reputation of having well-educated professionals with over 80% holding a university degree and 90% of them being 30+.

Depending on their qualification, the app helps professionals connect with a truly like-minded match. EliteSingles is ideal for those who prefer education and strong professional status. However, an unpleasant truth is the app is only available for people living in countries like US, UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, and South Africa.

Elite Singles

Features:

  • Deliver the most relevant and active singles according to your preferences
  • Personality profile based on the five-factor model
  • Verifies accounts
  • 3-7 match suggestions per day
  • Features elite magazine that offers tips & tricks for dating

Download : AndroidiOS

Conclusion

Dating Apps around the globe are truly (and amusingly) transforming the way people make connections and find their perfect match in the real world.  These 24 best dating apps for Android and iOS described above have undoubtedly changed the dating scene of this generation in 2019.

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